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Transparency International: Corruption Escalates Across Africa

By Eric Ojo

The scourge of endemic corruption in Africa has escalated in the past 12 months, opinion poll conducted by Transparency International (TI) has revealed.

The findings of the poll tagged, “People and Corruption: Africa Survey 2015”, part of the Global Corruption Barometer” also disclosed that most government are seen as failing in their duty to stop the abuse of power, bribery and secret deals.

In the report which was published today, 58 per cent of Africans in the surveyed countries, say corruption has increased over the past 12 months. In 18 out of 28 countries surveyed a large majority of people said their government is doing badly at fighting corruption

The poll also uncovered for the first time that people reported business executives as highly corrupt. Business ranked as having the second highest levels of corruption in the region, just below the police.

It may be recalled that the police regularly rate as highly corrupt, but the strongly negative assessment of business executives is new compared to previous surveys.

Many Africans, particularly the poor, the report added, are burdened by corruption when trying to get access to key basic services in their country. 22 per cent of people that have come into contact with a public service in the past 12 months paid a bribe.

“Of the six key public services that we asked about, people who come into contact with the courts and police are the most likely to have paid a bribe. 28 per cent and 27 per cent respectively of people who had contact with these services paid a bribe.

“Across the continent, poor people who use public services are twice as likely as rich people to have paid a bribe, and in urban areas they are even more likely to pay bribes”, the report added.

The report however noted that in spite of disheartening findings, the bright spots across the continent were in Botswana, Burkina Faso, Lesotho and Senegal, adding that citizens in these countries were some of the most positive in the region when discussing corruption.

It was also established that unless it’s stopped, corruption slows development and economic growth while weakening people’s trust in government and the accountability of public institutions.

“Corruption creates and increases poverty and exclusion. While corrupt individuals with political power enjoy a lavish life, millions of Africans are deprived of their basic needs like food, health, education, housing, access to clean water and sanitation.

“We call on governments and judges to stop corruption, eradicate impunity and implement Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals to curb corruption. We also call on the people to demand honesty and transparency, and mobilize against corruption. It is time to say enough and unmask the corrupt,” said Transparency International Chair José Ugaz.

Ugaz also observed that it is increasingly clear that citizens are a key part of any anti-corruption initiative but the survey according to him, however finds that corruption reporting mechanisms are often seen as too dangerous, ineffective or unclear.

He added that more than 1 out of 3 Africans thinks that a whistleblower faces negative consequences for reporting corruption, which is why most people don’t report.

“Our work as civil society is clear: we have to spread a message of hope across the continent. Corruption can be tackled. People need to be given the space to stand up against it without fear of retaliation and governments need to get serious about ending the widespread impunity”, he further stated.

In its recommendations, TI urged governments to strengthen and enforce legislation on corrupt business people and anti-money laundering to curb the high volume of illicit flows from the continent, noting that such a move could address the negative perception of business if those profiting are held to account.

It also want governments to establish right to information and whistle-blower protection legislation to facilitate the role of civil society in making public institutions more transparent, accountable and corruption-free.

Governments were equally challenged to show  sustained and deep commitment to acting on police corruption at all levels by promoting reforms that combine punitive measures with structural changes over the short and medium-term, adding that  cracking down on petty bribery has direct impact on the most vulnerable in society.

TI also enjoined the African Union (AU) and its members to provide the political will and financing needed to implement the review mechanism established for its anti-corruption convention.


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