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Genealogist Uncovers Former Slave Who Founded A Town In Louisiana


(AFRICAN EXAMINER) – A foremost American Genealogist and historian, Dr. Antoinette Harrell who helps African American families to find their roots, was in the news again recently. This time she connected the dots about the story of a former slave who founded a town in Louisiana.

According to a statement made available to the media by Blacknews,com, Dr. Harrell helped the Vernon family from Roseland, Louisiana to better understand the history and legacy of their family and a town called Vernon Town that was founded in the 1800s by their ancestor Robert “Free Bob” Vernon, a former slave.

Consequently, he was nicknamed Free Bob in order to distinguish himself from his white father. The Vernon family has held on to their land, oral history, photographs, and records that hold the keys to their history in both Louisiana and Mississippi. This unique piece of history that may not be found in other local histories.

She said Free Bob was married three times and fathered seventeen children among the three wives. His first wife and his two sons were sold as slaves in Mississippi. Years later, Free Bob received word that his first wife had died and their two sons were alone. Free Bob went back to Mississippi to get their two sons and returned to his home in Louisiana.

Free Bob’s father, Robert Vernon, Sr., taught his enslaved son about the importance of owning land. His father made a deal with him according to family oral history “if you clear and work this one hundred and sixty acres of land, I will see to it that you get ownership”. With the help of his two sons, they cultivated one hundred and sixty acres of land and built a log cabin house. His father allowed him to earn ownership of the property to become a freedman.

Over time, Free Bob became prosperous in real estate crediting his father for the success. With a new family, and his mother at his side, he accumulated at least one thousand acres and as oral history tells it, it was up to two thousand and three hundred acres over years of hard work and cotton growth. Free Bob purchased land at $4 per acre, and he secured the freedom of several slaves by obtaining them through sales from ‘their owners’ to grant them their freedom.

Four of the acres were donated to a community for ‘colored folks’ to build a church; later named Canaan, a school, and a cemetery. However, Free Bob couldn’t read or write and only made his (x) mark. He believed that education was one of the keys to true freedom with land ownership. He gifted one hundred acres to each one of his children as a true gift of freedom and to start with something of their own.



Today the church and cemetery are still on the land. After speaking with local historian Dr. Harrell, she suggested placing a historic marker on the site to commemorate the history and legacy of Robert “Free Bob” Vernon. Vernon Town is an unincorporated town that many of Free Bob descendants still call home.

The Vernon family faced the many challenges in the deep south like many blacks face during slavery, reconstruction, Jim Crow, and the Civil Rights Movements. Challenges that could have deterred the Vernon family from building a brighter future for themselves, their families, and the community. But they persevered in the face of difficulty and triumph to reach their victories and success.

His descendants continue to carry on the legacy, some by preserving the remaining land, while others became successful professionals such as doctors, attorneys, educators, engineers, entertainers, religious leaders, elected officials, military personnel’s, etc. His 2nd great granddaughter, Grace Walker, stated that such dedication inspired her to become an educator. In turn, that experience was passed along to her children which assisted in their success.

Rev. Riley Vernon, a prominent Christian leader along with other great community leaders and ministers of the Third District Baptist Association, Inc.. was formed in 1889. Later, they built “Good Samaritan Nursing Home” in Washington Parish, Louisiana. The nursing home continues to provide employment and professional care to those in need.

Madelyn Collins, the 3rd great-granddaughter of Free Bob said: “Family history is a venue that can inspire and help in understanding one’s own identity, and it can foster one’s desire to discover his or her past”.

Robert “Free Bob” Vernon left a strong foundation for generations to come. Many of his descendants achieved the ‘American’ dream to prosper and gain for a successful future. “If he was alive today, I would want to tell him thanks for all he did for me and our family.” said 80+ year old 2nd great-granddaughter, Grace Walker.


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