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Experts At COP27 Endorse New Climate Finance Roadmap To Mobilize $1trn

(AFRICAN EXAMINER) – Global experts at the ongoing 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Egypt, have endorsed a new climate finance roadmap to mobilize $1 trillion in annual external finance required by emerging markets and developing countries, excluding China.

The roadmap draws on the findings of a recently released report entitled, “Finance for Climate Action: Scaling Up Investment for Climate and Development”, produced by a panel of experts chaired by Vera Songwe and Lord Nicholas Stern.

The discussions by the experts during the panel session underscored the need to boost effectiveness of policies by tailoring them to countries’ needs. The report advocates a rapid and sustained investment push to drive a strong and sustainable economic recovery from overlapping crises and to deliver on shared development and climate targets.

Songwe said investment priorities must encompass transformation of the energy system, address developing countries’ growing vulnerability to climate change and undo earlier harm to natural capital and biodiversity.

“The scale of investments needed in emerging markets and developing countries over the next five years and beyond will require a debt and financing strategy that tackles festering debt difficulties, especially those of poor and vulnerable countries”, she said.

She added that reforms must lead to a major expansion of domestic and international finance –public and private, concessional and non-concessional.

President of African Development Bank (AfDB), Dr. Akinwumi Adesina decried the inadequate flow of climate finance to Africa. “The whole conversation about rich nations paying Africa $100 billion cannot even compensate Africa”, he added.

Dr. Adesina said AfDB’s initiatives like the African Adaptation Acceleration Program (AAAP)—a scheme developed by the bank and the Global Center on Adaptation in 2021, was mobilizing $25 billion to scale adaptation action across the continent.

He also noted that AAAP had so far drawn contributions from industrialized countries. He added that the African Development Fund, the AfDB Group’s concessional lending arm to low-income countries, was launching a climate action window to mobilize up to $13 billion for climate adaptation for vulnerable countries.

The bank chief also reiterated the call for International Monetary Fund Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) to be channeled to African countries through the AfDB. “SDRs will play a big role in helping Africa’s climate action, and the African Development Bank is well-positioned to leverage this reallocation four times to help mobilize financing for countries that need it most”, he stressed.

Stephanie Pfeifer, Chief Executive of Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change, an association representing investors said strong policies were vital in carbon pricing to phase out fossil fuels.

“The world needs development finance at scale for different types of risks, and data must also be made available to stimulate increased private sector investment into climate finance. If we get the whole system working together, we can make a lot of progress”, she further stated.


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